Evaluation of database and some soil characteristic of Kumkale Agricultural Enterprise soils in GIS
Keywords:Kumkale agricultural enterprise, GIS, Soil survey and mapping, GDAE
General Directorate of Agricultural Enterprises (GDAE), which has been operating since 1994, is a state institution whose aim is to protect the gene resources as well as the production of seeds, breeding and raw materials for agriculture and agriculture-based industry. There are more than 30 agricultural enterprises established for similar purposes in Türkiye. One of these enterprises is Kumkale Agricultural Enterprise (KAE) located within the borders of Çanakkale province. The aim of this study is to reveal the current potentials of KAE lands, for which detailed studies have been made before, to create a database in Geographic Information System (GIS) and to produce various thematic maps. In this study, important soil characteristics such as slope, soil depth, surface stones, drainage, as well as soil series and physiographic units included in the survey report were mapped and the areas covered were calculated in GIS. With the digitization has determined that the agricultural enterprises lands in question are spread over an area of 7309 decares in total. In terms of soil series, the highest distribution area belongs to Karabatak series (948.2 da), while Alluvial soils (3094.8 da) have the highest distribution area in terms of physiographic units. In addition, most of the lands consist of 0-2% slope (4478.9 da), deeper than 120 cm (5936.8 da), stone-free (5677.2 da) and without drainage problems. As a result, it will be useful to examine both the temporal and spatial changes of the lands of GDAE, which has a significant production capacity in Türkiye, to make new field studies and compare them with the old survey studies in terms of guiding future studies.
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